a) Identification of
industrial units coming under the purview of the
Factories Act but are in clandestine operation
without registration and Factory Licence and in
violation of the safety & Welfare provisions of the
Factories Act & Rules. This is followed by legal
actions which include issue of show cause notice,
institution of prosecutions, issue of prohibitory
orders on running the factory etc.
b) Anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control
of hazards in the registered and licensed factories
for prevention of accidents and dangerous
c) Evaluation of factors affecting the work
atmosphere, which may cause sickness, impaired
health and occupational diseases to the workers and
to control the same to safe limits.
d) To stop unsafe installation, handling and use of
boilers and pressure vessels to check bursting of
vessels and devastative accidents through
enforcement of the Indian Boilers Act & regulations
e) To identify, assess and control of chemical
hazards in factories using or producing chemicals.
f) To provide training and retraining on safety to
workers and supervisors.
Which unit comes
under the purview of the Factories Act?
(a) Any place/premises/unit wherein the*following
types of work/premises are carried on with the aid
of electrical power or mechanical power or wind
power or solar power of atomic power or in
combination of more than one of these powers and if
in the said work at least 10 workers are engaged
even on one day during the period from January to
December, the said unit/ place/premises will be a
“Factory” under the provisions of the Factories Act
and Rules made there under.
(b) If there is no power utilized in the
work/process i.e. the work/process is carried on
only by manpower, in that case it will be a
”factory” only when at least 20 workers are engaged
even on one day during the period from January to
Thus it is not necessary that there should be at
least 10 workers with power or 20workers without
power engaged through out the year for a
unit/place/premises to come under the purview of the
Factories Act. There may be less than 10 workers
engaged regularly (with power) or less than 20
workers (without power), but 10 or more workers were
engaged even for a day during preceding 12 months or
are likely to be engaged (with power) and 20 or more
workers were engaged or are likely to be engaged
(without power), the premises will be a “factory”
for the purpose of the Factories Act & Rules.
2. The following categories of units will come under
the purview of the Factories Act and Rules
irrespective of use of power and the number of
workers engaged therein. That means, if there is
even only one worker working with the aid of power
or without the aid of power in the following
categories of factories, the same will come under
the purview of the Factories Act and Rules.
(i) Printing Press and (or) book etc. binding works.
(ii) Saw Mills.
(iii) Automobiles workshops or any other Engineering
workshop dealing in repairing, altering,
ornamenting, finishing, washing of any Metal
(iv) Rice Mills, Flour Mills, Oil Mills.
(v) Soap manufacturing units.
(vi) Ice, Ice cream, Ice candy manufacturing.
(vii) Medicine and Medicinal products unit.
(viii) Units dealing in manufacturing, packing,
repacking or finishing of monkey-nut and powdered
(ix) Manufacturing of brick tiles, refractory
materials, ceramic or mosaic goods.
(x) Manufacture or repair of storage batteries.
(xi) Jute bailing and pressing.
(xii) Rethreading and Moulding of tyres.
(xiii) Milling of any kind of Dal.
(xiv) Spinning, Weaving or Knitting, finishing
(including dying) of any textile material, hosiery
materials, carding and breaking of cotton.
(xv) Manufacture or repair of any electrical
equipments, apparatus or appliances or devices.
(xvi) Pimping of water, sewage etc.
3.All the categories of units mentioned in para 2 &
3 will be “factories” and will require Registration
under Factories Act and also a valid Factory Licence
for their operation.
4.How to apply for Registration and Factory Licence?
STAGE – (A).
The owner/ occupier shall first apply for approval
for construction of the factory shed/building in
prescribed form NO. 1.(annexed). He/She is to submit
following documents duly signed along with form
(i) Plan, front elevation of the factory shed and
cross sectional view at any suitable point in
triplicate showing therein the plant and machinery
layout/position, aisles, passage ways, natural
ventilation, means of escape in case of fire.
(ii) Site plan in triplicate duly signed.
(iii) List of machineries to be installed and floor
space to be occupied by each machine/equipment.
(iv) List of chemicals and gases likely to be used
and quantity of each chemical/gas to be stored at a
(v) Physical and chemical properties of chemicals
(vi) Flowchart of manufacturing process from raw
material stage to end product.
(vii) Purchase/lease deed of the land on which the
factory is proposed to be set up.
(viii) No. of shifts to be run.
(ix) No. of maxm. Workers likely to be engaged in
each shift including manager, factory office clerk,
Night guard, Drawn/peons, Driver etc. with break up
of male and female workers.
(x) (x) Nature and amount of power to be utilized
(Elec. Power/Mechanical power, Wind power, Solar
(xi) If captive power plant in proposed to be
installed, the capacity of the same.
In case the work in the factory involves “Hazardous
Process” as defined in Section 2(cb) of the
Factories Act (List of Industries with Hazardous
Process annexed); the owner/occupier will
simultaneously apply for approval of the proposed
site of the factory in prescribed forms and manner
to the Chairman of the State Site Appraisal
Committee (Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers).
In case the factory further comes under the
“Manufacture, Storage and Impost of Hazardous
Chemicals Rules-1989” framed under the E P Act,
1986; the owner/occupier shall have to submit report
in Schedule-7 at least 3 months before starting the
Hazardous process. He is also required to submit
Safety Report in Schedule-8 and Material Safety Data
Sheet in Schedule-9 of the said Rules
The Area Inspector of Factories shall inspect the
site of the proposed factory and send recommendation
to the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers for
approval. The Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers
himself may also conduct inspection if he feels so
before according approval. In case of hazardous
factory, the entire site appraisal committee will
meet and discuss and make site inspection and shall
recommend to the Government for acceptance or
rejection as the case may be.
After getting approval of the factory shed/building
and site, the owner/occupier shall start
construction and installation of machinery as per
the approved layout. On compilation of the
above-mentioned works, he would report to the
Inspector of Factories concerned and the Inspector
of Factories with the approval of the Chief
Inspector of Factories & Boilers shall inspect the
factory. On being satisfied after inspection, the
owner/occupier shall be asked to submit prescribed
forms-2&3 (in duplicate) and also to deposit
registration and license fee (Schedule annexed under
process for amendment).
The occupier/owner shall submit the same and
thereafter the Chief Inspector of Factories &
Boilers shall grant registration and factory license
to operate the factory.
The factory license shall remain valid up to 31st
December of the year in which it is granted.
Thereafter owner/occupier is to apply for renewal of
the factory license in prescribed Forms – 2 & 3 (in
duplicate) for every calendar year by depositing
renewal fee which is equal to the registration and
license fee, provided there is no addition or
alteration of the manpower of plant-machinery. The
renewal application along with original copy for
treasury challan depositing the renewal fee shall be
submitted so as to reach the office of the Inspector
of Factories concerned at least 30 days before the
date of expiry of licence. In case of failure and
submission of application after the due date as
mentioned, 25% additional fee on the licence fee
shall recovered not-withstanding legal actions for
running the factory without valid factory licence.
Any extension of the factory would require prior
approval of the Chief Inspector of Factories &
Boilers. For this purpose, the owner/occupier of the
factory shall apply to the Chief Inspector of
Factories & Boilers through the respective Inspector
of Factories enclosing therewith a detailed plan,
elevation and cross-sectional view of the proposed
extension work vis-à-vis original factory plan and
layout (in triplicate) duly signed by the
occupier/occupier. On examination of proposed
extension site and proposed machinery position,
approval for extension will be granted by the Chief
Inspector of Factories & Boilers and the
Occupier/owner shall start work on receipt of one
copy of the approval extension plan.
**VIOLATION OF ANY PROVISION OF THE FACTORIES ACT
& RULES SHALL ATTRACT PUNISHMENT OF FINE UP TO
Rs.1.00 LAKH OR IMPRISONMENT UP TO TWO YEARS OF
In case of installation of Boiler for the process
work, separate approval for the boiler, steam pipe
lines and also operational certificate to be granted
by the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers under
the Indian Boiler Act, Regulation and Rules will be
required. For this purpose, the factory owner/boiler
owner shall submit detailed manufacturing design and
drawing of the boiler as approved by the Chief
Inspector of Factories & Boilers of the
manufacturing state alongwith I B R certificates and
test results of boiler and Boiler-accessories to the
Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers. The
owner/occupier shall also apply for state
registration of the boiler in prescribed form B-I(annexed)
after depositing the required registration fee
(Schedule annexed). The owner/occupier shall also
submit steam pipe line layout drawing in triplicate
in prescribed forms and manner after depositing
The Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers will
inspect the boiler and conduct test and issue
operational certificate. For the steam pipe lines,
the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers shall
inspect the site of installation, conduct
material-inspection of the pipes and pressure
parts/accessories, carry out test for the welder and
grant approval on being satisfied.
The owner shall fabricate and install the steam pipe
lines and inform the Chief Inspector of Factories &
Boilers, the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers
shall thereafter conduct test of the pipe lines and
grant approval for its use.
The Boiler Operational Certificate remains valid
from 12 months from the date of conducting the
hydraulic test. The owner shall have to offer the
boiler for annual inspection and testing and renewal
of certificate before expiry of the operational
certificate in the same form B-1 after depositing
required testing fee. The owner shall prepare the
boiler for testing in prescribed manner(annexed)
before offering it for inspection.
The Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers himself
or Inspector of Boilers shall conduct inspection and
testing and on being satisfied, renewal operational
certificate for 12 months shall be granted by the
Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers.
***VIOLATION OF INDIAN BOILERS ACT, REGULATION OR
RULES IS A PUNISHABLE OFFENCE BESIDES, IT MAY CAUSE
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT.
1. Inspector of Factories(HQs).Room NO.9, Factories
& Boilers Organisation, Suraksha Bhavan, Pandit
Nehru Complex(Gurkhabasti), Agartala- 799006.
2. Inspector of Factories, West Tripura District,
3. Inspector of Factories, Gomati District, Rajarbag, Udaipur.
4. Inspector of Factories, Unakoti District, Kailashahar.
5. Inspector of Factories, Dhalai District, Ambassa.