Date :


Major Activities

a) Identification of industrial units coming under the purview of the Factories Act but are in clandestine operation without registration and Factory Licence and in violation of the safety & Welfare provisions of the Factories Act & Rules. This is followed by legal actions which include issue of show cause notice, institution of prosecutions, issue of prohibitory orders on running the factory etc.

b) Anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of hazards in the registered and licensed factories for prevention of accidents and dangerous occurrences.

c) Evaluation of factors affecting the work atmosphere, which may cause sickness, impaired health and occupational diseases to the workers and to control the same to safe limits.

d) To stop unsafe installation, handling and use of boilers and pressure vessels to check bursting of vessels and devastative accidents through enforcement of the Indian Boilers Act & regulations and Rules.

e) To identify, assess and control of chemical hazards in factories using or producing chemicals.

f) To provide training and retraining on safety to workers and supervisors.

Procedural Details

Which unit comes under the purview of the Factories Act?

(a) Any place/premises/unit wherein the*following types of work/premises are carried on with the aid of electrical power or mechanical power or wind power or solar power of atomic power or in combination of more than one of these powers and if in the said work at least 10 workers are engaged even on one day during the period from January to December, the said unit/ place/premises will be a “Factory” under the provisions of the Factories Act and Rules made there under.

(b) If there is no power utilized in the work/process i.e. the work/process is carried on only by manpower, in that case it will be a ”factory” only when at least 20 workers are engaged even on one day during the period from January to December.
Thus it is not necessary that there should be at least 10 workers with power or 20workers without power engaged through out the year for a unit/place/premises to come under the purview of the Factories Act. There may be less than 10 workers engaged regularly (with power) or less than 20 workers (without power), but 10 or more workers were engaged even for a day during preceding 12 months or are likely to be engaged (with power) and 20 or more workers were engaged or are likely to be engaged (without power), the premises will be a “factory” for the purpose of the Factories Act & Rules.

2. The following categories of units will come under the purview of the Factories Act and Rules irrespective of use of power and the number of workers engaged therein. That means, if there is even only one worker working with the aid of power or without the aid of power in the following categories of factories, the same will come under the purview of the Factories Act and Rules.

(i) Printing Press and (or) book etc. binding works.
(ii) Saw Mills.
(iii) Automobiles workshops or any other Engineering workshop dealing in repairing, altering, ornamenting, finishing, washing of any Metal products.
(iv) Rice Mills, Flour Mills, Oil Mills.
(v) Soap manufacturing units.
(vi) Ice, Ice cream, Ice candy manufacturing.
(vii) Medicine and Medicinal products unit.
(viii) Units dealing in manufacturing, packing, repacking or finishing of monkey-nut and powdered spices.
(ix) Manufacturing of brick tiles, refractory materials, ceramic or mosaic goods.
(x) Manufacture or repair of storage batteries.
(xi) Jute bailing and pressing.
(xii) Rethreading and Moulding of tyres.
(xiii) Milling of any kind of Dal.
(xiv) Spinning, Weaving or Knitting, finishing (including dying) of any textile material, hosiery materials, carding and breaking of cotton.
(xv) Manufacture or repair of any electrical equipments, apparatus or appliances or devices.
(xvi) Pimping of water, sewage etc.
3.All the categories of units mentioned in para 2 & 3 will be “factories” and will require Registration under Factories Act and also a valid Factory Licence for their operation.
4.How to apply for Registration and Factory Licence?

STAGE – (A).

The owner/ occupier shall first apply for approval for construction of the factory shed/building in prescribed form NO. 1.(annexed). He/She is to submit following documents duly signed along with form NO.1.
(i) Plan, front elevation of the factory shed and cross sectional view at any suitable point in triplicate showing therein the plant and machinery layout/position, aisles, passage ways, natural ventilation, means of escape in case of fire.
(ii) Site plan in triplicate duly signed.
(iii) List of machineries to be installed and floor space to be occupied by each machine/equipment.
(iv) List of chemicals and gases likely to be used and quantity of each chemical/gas to be stored at a time
(v) Physical and chemical properties of chemicals and gases.
(vi) Flowchart of manufacturing process from raw material stage to end product.
(vii) Purchase/lease deed of the land on which the factory is proposed to be set up.
(viii) No. of shifts to be run.
(ix) No. of maxm. Workers likely to be engaged in each shift including manager, factory office clerk, Night guard, Drawn/peons, Driver etc. with break up of male and female workers.
(x) (x) Nature and amount of power to be utilized (Elec. Power/Mechanical power, Wind power, Solar Power etc.)
(xi) If captive power plant in proposed to be installed, the capacity of the same.

STAGE –1(A).

In case the work in the factory involves “Hazardous Process” as defined in Section 2(cb) of the Factories Act (List of Industries with Hazardous Process annexed); the owner/occupier will simultaneously apply for approval of the proposed site of the factory in prescribed forms and manner to the Chairman of the State Site Appraisal Committee (Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers).

STAGE –1(B).

In case the factory further comes under the “Manufacture, Storage and Impost of Hazardous Chemicals Rules-1989” framed under the E P Act, 1986; the owner/occupier shall have to submit report in Schedule-7 at least 3 months before starting the Hazardous process. He is also required to submit Safety Report in Schedule-8 and Material Safety Data Sheet in Schedule-9 of the said Rules


The Area Inspector of Factories shall inspect the site of the proposed factory and send recommendation to the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers for approval. The Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers himself may also conduct inspection if he feels so before according approval. In case of hazardous factory, the entire site appraisal committee will meet and discuss and make site inspection and shall recommend to the Government for acceptance or rejection as the case may be.


After getting approval of the factory shed/building and site, the owner/occupier shall start construction and installation of machinery as per the approved layout. On compilation of the above-mentioned works, he would report to the Inspector of Factories concerned and the Inspector of Factories with the approval of the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers shall inspect the factory. On being satisfied after inspection, the owner/occupier shall be asked to submit prescribed forms-2&3 (in duplicate) and also to deposit registration and license fee (Schedule annexed under process for amendment).


The occupier/owner shall submit the same and thereafter the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers shall grant registration and factory license to operate the factory.


The factory license shall remain valid up to 31st December of the year in which it is granted. Thereafter owner/occupier is to apply for renewal of the factory license in prescribed Forms – 2 & 3 (in duplicate) for every calendar year by depositing renewal fee which is equal to the registration and license fee, provided there is no addition or alteration of the manpower of plant-machinery. The renewal application along with original copy for treasury challan depositing the renewal fee shall be submitted so as to reach the office of the Inspector of Factories concerned at least 30 days before the date of expiry of licence. In case of failure and submission of application after the due date as mentioned, 25% additional fee on the licence fee shall recovered not-withstanding legal actions for running the factory without valid factory licence.


Any extension of the factory would require prior approval of the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers. For this purpose, the owner/occupier of the factory shall apply to the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers through the respective Inspector of Factories enclosing therewith a detailed plan, elevation and cross-sectional view of the proposed extension work vis-à-vis original factory plan and layout (in triplicate) duly signed by the occupier/occupier. On examination of proposed extension site and proposed machinery position, approval for extension will be granted by the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers and the Occupier/owner shall start work on receipt of one copy of the approval extension plan.


In case of installation of Boiler for the process work, separate approval for the boiler, steam pipe lines and also operational certificate to be granted by the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers under the Indian Boiler Act, Regulation and Rules will be required. For this purpose, the factory owner/boiler owner shall submit detailed manufacturing design and drawing of the boiler as approved by the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers of the manufacturing state alongwith I B R certificates and test results of boiler and Boiler-accessories to the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers. The owner/occupier shall also apply for state registration of the boiler in prescribed form B-I(annexed) after depositing the required registration fee (Schedule annexed). The owner/occupier shall also submit steam pipe line layout drawing in triplicate in prescribed forms and manner after depositing testing fee.


The Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers will inspect the boiler and conduct test and issue operational certificate. For the steam pipe lines, the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers shall inspect the site of installation, conduct material-inspection of the pipes and pressure parts/accessories, carry out test for the welder and grant approval on being satisfied.


The owner shall fabricate and install the steam pipe lines and inform the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers, the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers shall thereafter conduct test of the pipe lines and grant approval for its use.


The Boiler Operational Certificate remains valid from 12 months from the date of conducting the hydraulic test. The owner shall have to offer the boiler for annual inspection and testing and renewal of certificate before expiry of the operational certificate in the same form B-1 after depositing required testing fee. The owner shall prepare the boiler for testing in prescribed manner(annexed) before offering it for inspection.


The Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers himself or Inspector of Boilers shall conduct inspection and testing and on being satisfied, renewal operational certificate for 12 months shall be granted by the Chief Inspector of Factories & Boilers.



1. Inspector of Factories(HQs).Room NO.9, Factories & Boilers Organisation, Suraksha Bhavan, Pandit Nehru Complex(Gurkhabasti), Agartala- 799006.
2. Inspector of Factories, West Tripura District, Agartala.
3. Inspector of Factories, Gomati District, Rajarbag, Udaipur.
4. Inspector of Factories, Unakoti District, Kailashahar.
5. Inspector of Factories, Dhalai District, Ambassa.


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Last Update on: 14-05-2014